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Introduction To HTML

HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language is designed to specify the logical organisation of a document, with important hypertext extensions. It is the language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.

nstructions divide the text of a document into blocks called elements. These can be divided into two broad categories -those that define how the BODY of the document is to be displayed by the browser.

HTML is what is known as a "mark-up language" whose role is to prepare written documents using formatting tags. The tags indicate how the document is presented and how it links to other documents.

Versions of HTML

HTML was designed by Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher, beginning in 1989. He officially announced the creation of the Web on Usenet in August 1991. However, it wasn't until 1993 that HTML was considered advanced enough to call it a language (HTML was then symbolically christened HTML 1.0).

RFC 1866, dated November 1995, represented the first official version of HTML, called HTML 2.0.

After the brief appearance of HTML 3.0, which was never officially released, HTML 3.2 became the official standard on January 14, 1997. The most significant changes to HTML 3.2 were the standardization of tables, as well as many features relating to the presentation of web pages.

On December 18, 1997, HTML 4.0 was released. Version 4.0 of HTML was notable for standardizing style sheets and frames. HTML version 4.01, which came out on December 24, 1999, made several minor modifications to HTML 4.0.

When you look at a web page in a web browser, you see, at the simplest level, words. These words usually have some style characteristics, such as different fonts, font sizes and colors. In many cases a page also displays images or maybe video. Sometimes there is a form where you can enter (or search) for information, or customize the display of the page to your liking. Often a page contains content that moves or changes while the rest of the page remains the same.

Several technologies (such as CSS, JavaScript, Flash, AJAX, JSON) can be used to define the elements of a web page. However, at the very lowest level, a web page is defined using HTML (HyperText Markup Language). Without HTML, there is no web page. HTML is the shell that holds everything together: an international standard whose specifications are maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG). The WHATWG considers HTML a "living standard" which is constantly evolving, whereas the W3C works on both "snapshots" of HTML, the most current of which is HTML5 and on the evolution of HTML (HTML 5.1).

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